Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia (HD) is caused by the abnormal formation of the hip ball and socket joint. Normally the ball should fit snugly into the hip socket, forming a pivot point. Some dogs are born with a genetic predisposition for hip dysplasia; at birth their hips are normal but as they grow, the hip joint becomes a malformed structure so that the ball no longer fits snugly into the socket and cannot rotate smoothly.

Canine Conjunctivitis


Conjunctivitis is quite a common eye problem for dogs. Conjunctivitis refers to the swelling of the Conjunctiva, which is the tissue that coats the eye and also the lining of the eyelids. Usually the Conjunctiva is moist and glistening with tiny blood vessels running through the semi-lucent tissue. It serves as a defensive barrier for the eye by trapping debris and helping to avoid invasion of viruses and/or bacteria.

Dog socialization

Dogs in the wild grow up in packs and they are socialized almost from birth. Domestic dogs also begin socialization in their litter. And when they come into your home, socialization with humans begin. The initial socialization period for a dog is 4 to 12 weeks. It is during this time that social skills are imprinted on them and their interaction with other dogs and humans is, hopefully, positive. Socialization should continue throughout their lives.

The four elements to a healthy and happy dog

There are four important elements that a dog needs in order to lead a happy and healthy life. The appropriate amount of each element will vary dependent on the dog breed in question. For example, working breeds like the Border Collie require a lot more exercise and mental stimulation than none working breeds, so it's important that you have a good knowledge of the dog breed in question. Working breeds require more exercise than none working breeds, therefore they may require more protein in their diet etc...

Dogs and modern lifestyles

Dogs and humans have lived together side-by-side for thousands of years. Spending almost their entire evolutionary lives in a world less fraught with danger than today.

There was a time when dogs could roam freely, without the need of a leash, greeting other dogs, chasing squirrels, rabbits and deer. Running merrily through woods, fields, and streams, dogs exercised their bodies and all their senses. Many worked closely with their owners all day, hunting, herding, or guarding. These dogs would then return home exhausted, receive some affection, then lie down on the floor and sleep until morning. Very few dogs living this type of lifestyle suffer from separation anxiety or boredom for that matter.