Dog teeth

Like humans, dogs have two sets of teeth in their lives. As puppies they have 28 baby teeth that start to break through their gums between 3 and 6 weeks of age. Puppies do not need to grind much of their food so they do not have molars. Puppy teeth begin to shed and be replaced by permanent adult teeth at approximately four months of age. Although there are some breed variations, most adult dogs have 42 teeth. Molars should start to emerge once your puppy reaches 6 or 7 months of age.

The order of tooth replacement starts with incisors, then canines (fangs), and finally premolars. The teething period can be a frustrating time for your puppy. Teething can lead to your puppy clamping it's teeth down on anything it can find, in an attempt to relieve the discomfort. Teething can be accompanied by drooling, irritability, and fluctuations in appetite.

Do dogs dream?

Many scientists believe that there is evidence to support the idea that dogs do in fact dream. Scientists using an electroencephalogram have tested canine brain wave activity during sleep. They've found that dogs are similar to humans when it comes to sleep patterns and brain wave activity.

Why do dogs chase?

The answer lies within something called internal reinforcement. Dogs inherit instinctive behaviour, for example a dog doesn’t have to learn to lift his leg to pee, he just does it, this is an instinctive action, also known as a “motor pattern”.

Chasing behaviour is part of the inherited predatory hunting sequence. This sequence is genetically “hard wired” into the dog, and prepares it for chasing and catching prey in order to survive.

“External reinforcement” is the way we usually train dogs: we give them a treat or give them a pat when they do the right thing.

Dog ear mites

Otodectic mites are tiny insects that live in the ear canals and feed by piercing the skin. They are highly contagious to both cats and dogs, but not to humans. Ear mites are the most common cause of ear symptoms in puppies and young adult dogs.

Ear mites should not be confused with the mites that cause sarcoptic mange. This is an entirely different disease, but one whose signs can also include crusty ears.

Dog ear infections

Ear infections are quite a common problem for dogs, and most infections are caused by allergies, yeast, ear mites, bacteria, hair growth deep within the ear canal, and more. Symptoms your dog may have that would indicate an ear infection include:

Border Collie History

The origins of the breed are not that easy to trace back through history, however it seems most likely that the ancestors of the Border Collie that we know and love today came from Ireland. As far back as the 5th century BC Celt farmers bred herding dogs to assist them with work around the farm. These were often powerful dogs, difficult to control and rough with stock. The world “collie“ is a derivative of the Celtic dialect name for “useful”.

For centuries shepherds continued to breed and train dogs to assist them in managing livestock and in 1873 the first sheep dog trials began in Bala, Wales which naturally encouraged more consistent breeding from the more successful dogs.

What are the functions of a dogs tail?

You can tell a lot about what dogs are feeling just by watching their tails. As you may already know dogs use their tails for communicating. They express happiness, aggression, stress and many other emotions just by using their tail. By looking at the position and movement of their tail, you can often tell what dogs are thinking. When a dog wags their tail high and wags it back and forth, they are usually feeling pretty good. When they are interested in something, their tail is usually horizontal to the ground. A tucked tail indicates that the dog is frightened or submissive. When their tail goes from horizontal to upright and becomes rigid, they are feeling threatened or challenged. A tail that is low and wagging indicates that they are worried or insecure.

Why do dogs chew sticks?

Researching this topic on the internet reveals that most people tend to think that a dog will chew a stick for two possible reasons.